Custom pipe in Angular

1. Introduction

Pipes are used for transformation of values. Angular provides several built-in pipes but sometimes the built-in pipes are not able to fulfill our specific requirement. Angular allows you to create your own custom pipe.

Pipe is a class decorated with @Pipe decorator and a function to transform the value. This decorator @Pipe marks a class as pipe. A pipe class must implement the PipeTransform interface. A pipe class must implement the PipeTransform interface. This interface has one method transform which is invoked by Angular to transform value.

interface PipeTransform {
  transform(value: any, ...args: any[]): any

2. Custom pipe example – pipe to decorate string

In this tutorial, we’ll create a custom pipe to prefix and suffix a string with Asterisk (*). We’ll provide how many * we want to suffix and prefix the string.

Step 1: Create an application

Create a new application pipe-example by executing following command:

ng new pipe-example

Step 2: Add a pipe DecorateStringPipe by executing following command:

ng generate pipe DecorateString

This will generate following pipe:

import { Pipe, PipeTransform } from '@angular/core';

  name: 'decorateString',
export class DecorateStringPipe implements PipeTransform {
  transform(value: string, count: number): string {
    let repeatStr: string = '*'.repeat(count);
    return repeatStr + value + repeatStr;

tranform method accepts two arguments, value is the value which will be transformed, count is the optional argument. In order to use pipe in the template, add pipe in the declarations array of the NgModule. However, ng generate pipe command automatically registers pipe in the NgModule.

Step 3: Use pipe in template

Update app.component.html with the following code:

<p><b>Original value:</b> {{ title }}</p>
<p><b>Transformed value:</b> {{ title | decorateString: 5 }}</p>

Step 3: Run the application

Run the application using command ng serve. The output in the browser looks like the following:

string decorator custom pipe example

3. Conclusion

In this tutorial, we created a custom pipe. It is good to have knowledge of creating a custom pipe as pipes are usable and can be used in the entire application.

We hope this tutorial was informative.